What is it?
You have probably heard about the latest trend in the health and wellness Industry, CBD. It can come in many different forms, like tincures, capsules, creams or sprays. CBD or Cannabidiol is extracted from the flowers and buds of marijuana or hemp plants. Under the Farm Act, all hemp plants must contain less than 0.03% of THC. THC is the component that creates the "mind altering" feeling when you smoke marijuana. When you take the THC from the hemp plant, CBD is what is left and what has the health benefits we need with out the "high" feeling.
CBD can also range from Broad Spectrum, Full Spectrum or Isolate.
CBD Full Spectrum
Full spectrum CBD is an extract that contains all compounds found naturally occurring in the plant, including terpenes, essential oils, and other cannabinoids. The full spectrum of cannabinoids, terpenes, and essential oils extracted from the plant work together to magnify the therapeutic benefits of each individual cannabinoid. This is commonly referred to as the "entourage effect". Because of this, Full spectrum CBD may contain some THC and may have psychoactive and other unwanted side effects. It would not be advised to take this if you needed to pass a drug test. This would be used if someone was using CBD for a serious illness that needed a small portion of THC to be helpful in aiding the discomfort.
CBD Broad Spectrum
Broad spectrum CBD is a bit of a mix between Full Spectrum and Isolate. Like Full Spectrum CBD, the other compounds found within the plant are preserved in the extract; however, like CBD Isolate, THC is completely removed. Because Broad Spectrum CBD contains multiple cannabinoids, it can deliver the enhanced benefits of the “entourage effect,” without the risk of psychoactive effects of THC. This would be the most idea CBD, but is generally very hard to produce and very few people make it which has resulted in the lowest amount of research between the three.
CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD, which is produced by removing all other compounds found in the plant including terpenes, flavonoids, plant parts, and other cannabinoids. CBD Isolate is typically extracted from Hemp, due to its low to non-existent THC-content. Isolate should have no traces of THC and would be the best pick if you were ever have to do a drug test.
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How CBD works
All cannabinoids, including CBD, produce effects in the body by attaching to certain receptors. The human body produces certain cannabinoids on its own. It also has two receptors for cannabinoids, called the CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors.
CB1 receptors are present throughout the body, but many are in the brain. The CB1 receptors in the brain deal with coordination and movement, pain, emotions, and mood, thinking, appetite, and memories, and other functions. THC attaches to these receptors.
CB2 receptors are more common in the immune system. They affect inflammation and pain. Researchers once believed that CBD attached to these CB2 receptors, but it now appears that CBD does not attach directly to either receptor. Instead, it seems to direct the body to use more of its own cannabinoids.
How CBD works
There are many benefits of CBD oil, and it will effect everyone differently. Here are a list of the most common benefits that CBD oil has helped with:
Natural pain relief
Aids in drug withdrawals (quitting smoking)
Treat neurological symptoms and disorders
Decrease anxiety and depression
Treating type 1 Diabetes
Slow down Alzheimer disease
Decrease insomnia and sleeping disorders
Decrease arthritis pain
Decrease muscle spasm or help with with multiple sclerosis
Treat chronic pain
Treat Muscle Soreness and DOMS